10个典型实用的PHP代码片段

澳门新葡亰赌995577 1

本文将介绍10个经常会用到的PHP代码片段,包括黑名单过滤、随机颜色生成器、从网上下载文件、Alexa/Google
Page
Rank、强制下载文件、用Email显示用户的Gravator头像、用cURL获取RSS订阅数、截取图片、检查网站是否宕机。

作为一个正常的程序员,会好几种语言是十分正常的,相信大部分程序员也都会编写几句PHP程序,如果是WEB程序员,PHP一定是必备的,即使你没用它开发过大型软件项目,也一定多少了解它的语法。

澳门新葡亰赌995577 1

尽管PHP经常被人诟病,被人贬低,被人当玩笑开,事实证明,PHP是全世界网站开发中使用率最高的编程语言。PHP最大的缺点是太简单,语法不严谨,框架体系很弱,但这也是它最大的优点,一个有点编程背景的普通人,只需要学习PHP半天时间,就可以上手开始开发web应用了。

一、黑名单过滤

function is_spam($text, $file, $split = ':', $regex = false){ 
    $handle = fopen($file, 'rb'); 
    $contents = fread($handle, filesize($file)); 
    fclose($handle); 
    $lines = explode("n", $contents); 
$arr = array(); 
foreach($lines as $line){ 
list($word, $count) = explode($split, $line); 
if($regex) 
$arr[$word] = $count; 
else 
$arr[preg_quote($word)] = $count; 
} 
preg_match_all("~".implode('|', array_keys($arr))."~", $text, $matches); 
$temp = array(); 
foreach($matches[0] as $match){ 
if(!in_array($match, $temp)){ 
$temp[$match] = $temp[$match] + 1; 
if($temp[$match] >= $arr[$word]) 
return true; 
} 
} 
return false; 
} 

$file = 'spam.txt'; 
$str = 'This string has cat, dog word'; 
if(is_spam($str, $file)) 
echo 'this is spam'; 
else 
echo 'this is not spam'; 

ab:3 
dog:3 
cat:2 
monkey:2

网上有人总结几种编程语言的特点,我觉得也挺有道理的:

二、随机颜色生成器

function randomColor() { 
    $str = '#'; 
    for($i = 0 ; $i < 6 ; $i++) { 
        $randNum = rand(0 , 15); 
        switch ($randNum) { 
            case 10: $randNum = 'A'; break; 
            case 11: $randNum = 'B'; break; 
            case 12: $randNum = 'C'; break; 
            case 13: $randNum = 'D'; break; 
            case 14: $randNum = 'E'; break; 
            case 15: $randNum = 'F'; break; 
        } 
        $str .= $randNum; 
    } 
    return $str; 
} 
$color = randomColor();

PHP 就是: Quick and Dirty

三、从网上下载文件

set_time_limit(0); 
// Supports all file types 
// URL Here: 
$url = 'http://somsite.com/some_video.flv'; 
$pi = pathinfo($url); 
$ext = $pi['extension']; 
$name = $pi['filename']; 

// create a new cURL resource 
$ch = curl_init(); 

// set URL and other appropriate options 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, false); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER, true); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER, true); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); 

// grab URL and pass it to the browser 
$opt = curl_exec($ch); 

// close cURL resource, and free up system resources 
curl_close($ch); 

$saveFile = $name.'.'.$ext; 
if(preg_match("/[^0-9a-z._-]/i", $saveFile)) 
$saveFile = md5(microtime(true)).'.'.$ext; 

$handle = fopen($saveFile, 'wb'); 
fwrite($handle, $opt); 
fclose($handle);

Java 就是: Beauty and Slowly

四、Alexa/Google Page Rank

function page_rank($page, $type = 'alexa'){ 
switch($type){ 
case 'alexa': 
$url = 'http://alexa.com/siteinfo/'; 
$handle = fopen($url.$page, 'r'); 
break; 
case 'google': 
$url = 'http://google.com/search?client=navclient-auto&ch=6-1484155081&features=Rank&q=info:'; 
$handle = fopen($url.'http://'.$page, 'r'); 
break; 
} 
$content = stream_get_contents($handle); 
fclose($handle); 
$content = preg_replace("~(n|t|ss+)~",'', $content); 
switch($type){ 
case 'alexa': 
if(preg_match('~<div class="data (down|up)"><img.+?>(.+?) </div>~im',$content,$matches)){ 
return $matches[2]; 
}else{ 
return FALSE; 
} 
break; 
case 'google': 
$rank = explode(':',$content); 
if($rank[2] != '') 
return $rank[2]; 
else 
return FALSE; 
break; 
default: 
return FALSE; 
break; 
} 
} 
// Alexa Page Rank: 
echo 'Alexa Rank: '.page_rank('techug.com'); 
echo ' '; 
// Google Page Rank 
echo 'Google Rank: '.page_rank('techug.com', 'google');

Ruby 就是: Quick andBeauty

五、强制下载文件

$filename = $_GET['file']; //Get the fileid from the URL 
// Query the file ID 
$query = sprintf("SELECT * FROM tableName WHERE id = '%s'",mysql_real_escape_string($filename)); 
$sql = mysql_query($query); 
if(mysql_num_rows($sql) > 0){ 
$row = mysql_fetch_array($sql); 
// Set some headers 
header("Pragma: public"); 
header("Expires: 0"); 
header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0"); 
header("Content-Type: application/force-download"); 
header("Content-Type: application/octet-stream"); 
header("Content-Type: application/download"); 
header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=".basename($row['FileName']).";"); 
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary"); 
header("Content-Length: ".filesize($row['FileName'])); 

@readfile($row['FileName']); 
exit(0); 
}else{ 
header("Location: /"); 
exit; 
}

Python 就是:Quick and Simple

六、用Email显示用户的Gravator头像

$gravatar_link = 'http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/' . md5($comment_author_email) . '?s=32'; 
echo '<img src="'%20.%20$gravatar_link%20.%20'" />';

在PHP的流行普及中,网上总结出了很多实用的PHP代码片段,这些代码片段在当你遇到类似的问题时,粘贴过去就可以使用,非常的高效,非常的省时省力。将这些程序员前辈总结出的优秀代码放到自己的知识库中,是一个善于学习的程序员的好习惯。

七、用cURL获取RSS订阅数

$ch = curl_init(); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL,'https://feedburner.google.com/api/awareness/1.0/GetFeedData?id=7qkrmib4r9rscbplq5qgadiiq4'); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT,2); 
$content = curl_exec($ch); 
$subscribers = get_match('/circulation="(.*)"/isU',$content); 
curl_close($ch); 

八、时间差异计算 

function ago($time) 
{ 
   $periods = array("second", "minute", "hour", "day", "week", "month", "year", "decade"); 
$lengths = array("60","60","24","7","4.35","12","10"); 

$now = time(); 

$difference = $now - $time; 
$tense = "ago"; 

for($j = 0; $difference >= $lengths[$j] && $j < count($lengths)-1; $j++) { 
$difference /= $lengths[$j]; 
} 

$difference = round($difference); 

if($difference != 1) { 
$periods[$j].= "s"; 
} 

return "$difference $periods[$j] 'ago' "; 
}

一、黑名单过滤

九、截取图片

$filename= "test.jpg"; 
list($w, $h, $type, $attr) = getimagesize($filename); 
$src_im = imagecreatefromjpeg($filename); 

$src_x = '0'; // begin x 
$src_y = '0'; // begin y 
$src_w = '100'; // width 
$src_h = '100'; // height 
$dst_x = '0'; // destination x 
$dst_y = '0'; // destination y 

$dst_im = imagecreatetruecolor($src_w, $src_h); 
$white = imagecolorallocate($dst_im, 255, 255, 255); 
imagefill($dst_im, 0, 0, $white); 

imagecopy($dst_im, $src_im, $dst_x, $dst_y, $src_x, $src_y, $src_w, $src_h); 

header("Content-type: image/png"); 
imagepng($dst_im); 
imagedestroy($dst_im);

functionis_spam($text,$file,$split=’:’,$regex=false){$handle=fopen($file,’rb’);$contents=fread($handle,filesize($file));fclose($handle);$lines=explode(“n”,$contents);$arr=array();foreach($linesas$line){list($word,$count)=explode($split,$line);if($regex)$arr[$word]=$count;else$arr[preg_quote($word)]=$count;}preg_match_all(“~”.implode(‘|’,array_keys($arr)).”~”,$text,$matches);$temp=array();foreach($matches[0]as$match){if(!in_array($match,$temp)){$temp[$match]=$temp[$match]+1;if($temp[$match]>=$arr[$word])returntrue;}}returnfalse;}$file=’spam.txt’;$str=’This
string has cat, dog word’;if(is_spam($str,$file))echo’this is
spam’;elseecho’this is not spam’;

十、检查网站是否宕机

function Visit($url){ 
       $agent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)";$ch=curl_init(); 
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_URL,$url ); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $agent); 
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); 
curl_setopt ($ch,CURLOPT_VERBOSE,false); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 5); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_SSLVERSION,3); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE); 
$page=curl_exec($ch); 
//echo curl_error($ch); 
$httpcode = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE); 
curl_close($ch); 
if($httpcode>=200 && $httpcode<300) return true; 
else return false; 
} 
if (Visit("http://www.google.com")) 
echo "Website OK"."n"; 
else 
echo "Website DOWN";

ab:3dog:3cat:2monkey:2

二、随机颜色生成器

functionrandomColor(){$str=’#’;for($i=0;$i<6;$i++){$randNum=rand(0,15);switch($randNum){case10:$randNum=’A’;break;case11:$randNum=’B’;break;case12:$randNum=’C’;break;case13:$randNum=’D’;break;case14:$randNum=’E’;break;case15:$randNum=’F’;break;}$str.=$randNum;}return$str;}$color=randomColor();

三、从网络下载文件

set_time_limit(0);// Supports all file types// URL
Here:$url=’
create a new cURL resource$ch=curl_init();// set URL and other
appropriate
optionscurl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL,$url);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_HEADER,false);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER,true);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER,true);curl_澳门新葡亰赌995577,setopt($ch,CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION,true);curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,true);//
grab URL and pass it to the browser$opt=curl_exec($ch);// close cURL
resource, and free up system
resourcescurl_close($ch);$saveFile=$name.’.’.$ext;if(preg_match(“/[^0-9a-z._-]/i”,$saveFile))$saveFile=md5(microtime(true)).’.’.$ext;$handle=fopen($saveFile,’wb’);fwrite($handle,$opt);fclose($handle);

四、Alexa/Google Page Rank

functionpage_rank($page,$type=’alexa’){switch($type){case’alexa’:$url=’

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