10个典型实用的PHP代码片段

澳门新葡亰赌995577 1

本文将介绍10个经常会用到的PHP代码片段,包括黑名单过滤、随机颜色生成器、从网上下载文件、Alexa/Google
Page
Rank、强制下载文件、用Email显示用户的Gravator头像、用cURL获取RSS订阅数、截取图片、检查网站是否宕机。

  1. 把文本转换成图片

    <?php
    header(“Content-type: image/png”);
    $string = $_GET[‘text’];
    $im = imagecreatefrompng(“images/button.png”);
    $color = imagecolorallocate($im, 255, 255, 255);
    $px = (imagesx($im) – 7.5 * strlen($string)) / 2;
    $py = 9;
    $fontSize = 1;
    imagestring($im, fontSize, $px, $py, $string, $color);
    imagepng($im);
    imagedestroy($im);
    ?>

  2. 获取远程文件的大小

    function remote_filesize($url, $user = “”, $pw = “”)
    {

    ob_start();
    $ch = curl_init($url);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, 1);
    curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_NOBODY, 1);
    if(!empty($user) && !empty($pw))
    {
        $headers = array('Authorization: Basic ' .  base64_encode("$user:$pw"));
        curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers);
    }
    $ok = curl_exec($ch);
    curl_close($ch);
    $head = ob_get_contents();
    ob_end_clean();
    $regex = '/Content-Length:s([0-9].+?)s/';
    $count = preg_match($regex, $head, $matches);
    return isset($matches[1]) ? $matches[1] : "unknown";
    

    }

澳门新葡亰赌995577 1

语法:

一、黑名单过滤

function is_spam($text, $file, $split = ':', $regex = false){ 
    $handle = fopen($file, 'rb'); 
    $contents = fread($handle, filesize($file)); 
    fclose($handle); 
    $lines = explode("n", $contents); 
$arr = array(); 
foreach($lines as $line){ 
list($word, $count) = explode($split, $line); 
if($regex) 
$arr[$word] = $count; 
else 
$arr[preg_quote($word)] = $count; 
} 
preg_match_all("~".implode('|', array_keys($arr))."~", $text, $matches); 
$temp = array(); 
foreach($matches[0] as $match){ 
if(!in_array($match, $temp)){ 
$temp[$match] = $temp[$match] + 1; 
if($temp[$match] >= $arr[$word]) 
return true; 
} 
} 
return false; 
} 

$file = 'spam.txt'; 
$str = 'This string has cat, dog word'; 
if(is_spam($str, $file)) 
echo 'this is spam'; 
else 
echo 'this is not spam'; 

ab:3 
dog:3 
cat:2 
monkey:2
&lt;?php
$file = "http://koonk.comlogo.png";
$size = remote_filesize($url);
echo $size;
?&gt;

二、随机颜色生成器

function randomColor() { 
    $str = '#'; 
    for($i = 0 ; $i < 6 ; $i++) { 
        $randNum = rand(0 , 15); 
        switch ($randNum) { 
            case 10: $randNum = 'A'; break; 
            case 11: $randNum = 'B'; break; 
            case 12: $randNum = 'C'; break; 
            case 13: $randNum = 'D'; break; 
            case 14: $randNum = 'E'; break; 
            case 15: $randNum = 'F'; break; 
        } 
        $str .= $randNum; 
    } 
    return $str; 
} 
$color = randomColor();
  1. 使用 imagebrick 进行 pdf 到图像的转换

    <?php
    $pdf_file = ‘./pdf/demo.pdf’;
    $save_to = ‘./jpg/demo.jpg’; //make sure that apache has permissions to write in this folder! (common problem)
    //execute ImageMagick command ‘convert’ and convert PDF to JPG with applied settings
    exec(‘convert “‘.$pdf_file.'” -colorspace RGB -resize 800 “‘.$save_to.'”‘, $output, $return_var);
    if($return_var == 0) { //if exec successfuly converted pdf to jpg

    print "Conversion OK";
    

    }
    else print “Conversion failed.”.$output;
    ?>

  2. 使用 tinyurl 生成短网址

    function get_tiny_url($url)
    {

    $ch = curl_init();  
    $timeout = 5;  
    curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL,'http://tinyurl.com/api-create.php?url='.$url);  
    curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1);  
    curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT,$timeout);  
    $data = curl_exec($ch);  
    curl_close($ch);  
    return $data;  
    

    }

三、从网上下载文件

set_time_limit(0); 
// Supports all file types 
// URL Here: 
$url = 'http://somsite.com/some_video.flv'; 
$pi = pathinfo($url); 
$ext = $pi['extension']; 
$name = $pi['filename']; 

// create a new cURL resource 
$ch = curl_init(); 

// set URL and other appropriate options 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HEADER, false); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_BINARYTRANSFER, true); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_AUTOREFERER, true); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, true); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true); 

// grab URL and pass it to the browser 
$opt = curl_exec($ch); 

// close cURL resource, and free up system resources 
curl_close($ch); 

$saveFile = $name.'.'.$ext; 
if(preg_match("/[^0-9a-z._-]/i", $saveFile)) 
$saveFile = md5(microtime(true)).'.'.$ext; 

$handle = fopen($saveFile, 'wb'); 
fwrite($handle, $opt); 
fclose($handle);

语法:

四、Alexa/Google Page Rank

function page_rank($page, $type = 'alexa'){ 
switch($type){ 
case 'alexa': 
$url = 'http://alexa.com/siteinfo/'; 
$handle = fopen($url.$page, 'r'); 
break; 
case 'google': 
$url = 'http://google.com/search?client=navclient-auto&ch=6-1484155081&features=Rank&q=info:'; 
$handle = fopen($url.'http://'.$page, 'r'); 
break; 
} 
$content = stream_get_contents($handle); 
fclose($handle); 
$content = preg_replace("~(n|t|ss+)~",'', $content); 
switch($type){ 
case 'alexa': 
if(preg_match('~<div class="data (down|up)"><img.+?>(.+?) </div>~im',$content,$matches)){ 
return $matches[2]; 
}else{ 
return FALSE; 
} 
break; 
case 'google': 
$rank = explode(':',$content); 
if($rank[2] != '') 
return $rank[2]; 
else 
return FALSE; 
break; 
default: 
return FALSE; 
break; 
} 
} 
// Alexa Page Rank: 
echo 'Alexa Rank: '.page_rank('techug.com'); 
echo ' '; 
// Google Page Rank 
echo 'Google Rank: '.page_rank('techug.com', 'google');
&lt;?php
$url = "http://blog.koonk.com/2015/07/Hello-World";
$tinyurl = get_tiny_url($url);
echo $tinyurl;
?&gt;

五、强制下载文件

$filename = $_GET['file']; //Get the fileid from the URL 
// Query the file ID 
$query = sprintf("SELECT * FROM tableName WHERE id = '%s'",mysql_real_escape_string($filename)); 
$sql = mysql_query($query); 
if(mysql_num_rows($sql) > 0){ 
$row = mysql_fetch_array($sql); 
// Set some headers 
header("Pragma: public"); 
header("Expires: 0"); 
header("Cache-Control: must-revalidate, post-check=0, pre-check=0"); 
header("Content-Type: application/force-download"); 
header("Content-Type: application/octet-stream"); 
header("Content-Type: application/download"); 
header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=".basename($row['FileName']).";"); 
header("Content-Transfer-Encoding: binary"); 
header("Content-Length: ".filesize($row['FileName'])); 

@readfile($row['FileName']); 
exit(0); 
}else{ 
header("Location: /"); 
exit; 
}
  1. youtube 下载链接生成器

六、用Email显示用户的Gravator头像

$gravatar_link = 'http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/' . md5($comment_author_email) . '?s=32'; 
echo '<img src="'%20.%20$gravatar_link%20.%20'" />';

使用下面的 PHP 片段可以让你的用户下载 Youtube 视频

七、用cURL获取RSS订阅数

$ch = curl_init(); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_URL,'https://feedburner.google.com/api/awareness/1.0/GetFeedData?id=7qkrmib4r9rscbplq5qgadiiq4'); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER,1); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT,2); 
$content = curl_exec($ch); 
$subscribers = get_match('/circulation="(.*)"/isU',$content); 
curl_close($ch); 

八、时间差异计算 

function ago($time) 
{ 
   $periods = array("second", "minute", "hour", "day", "week", "month", "year", "decade"); 
$lengths = array("60","60","24","7","4.35","12","10"); 

$now = time(); 

$difference = $now - $time; 
$tense = "ago"; 

for($j = 0; $difference >= $lengths[$j] && $j < count($lengths)-1; $j++) { 
$difference /= $lengths[$j]; 
} 

$difference = round($difference); 

if($difference != 1) { 
$periods[$j].= "s"; 
} 

return "$difference $periods[$j] 'ago' "; 
}
function str_between($string, $start, $end)
{ 
$string = " ".$string; $ini = strpos($string,$start); if ($ini == 0) return ""; $ini += strlen($start); $len = strpos($string,$end,$ini) - $ini; return substr($string,$ini,$len); }
function get_youtube_download_link(){
    $youtube_link = $_GET['youtube'];
    $youtube_page = file_get_contents($youtube_link);
    $v_id = str_between($youtube_page, "&video_id=", "&");
    $t_id = str_between($youtube_page, "&t=", "&");
    $flv_link = "http://www.youtube.com/get_video?video_id=$v_id&t=$t_id";
    $hq_flv_link = "http://www.youtube.com/get_video?video_id=$v_id&t=$t_id&fmt=6";
    $mp4_link = "http://www.youtube.com/get_video?video_id=$v_id&t=$t_id&fmt=18";
    $threegp_link = "http://www.youtube.com/get_video?video_id=$v_id&t=$t_id&fmt=17";
    echo "ttDownload (right-click &gt; save as):ntt";
    echo "&lt;a href="$flv_link"&gt;FLV&lt;/a&gt;ntt";
    echo "&lt;a href="$hq_flv_link"&gt;HQ FLV (if available)&lt;/a&gt;ntt";
    echo "&lt;a href="$mp4_link"&gt;MP4&lt;/a&gt;ntt";
    echo "&lt;a href="$threegp_link"&gt;3GP&lt;/a&gt;n";
}

九、截取图片

$filename= "test.jpg"; 
list($w, $h, $type, $attr) = getimagesize($filename); 
$src_im = imagecreatefromjpeg($filename); 

$src_x = '0'; // begin x 
$src_y = '0'; // begin y 
$src_w = '100'; // width 
$src_h = '100'; // height 
$dst_x = '0'; // destination x 
$dst_y = '0'; // destination y 

$dst_im = imagecreatetruecolor($src_w, $src_h); 
$white = imagecolorallocate($dst_im, 255, 255, 255); 
imagefill($dst_im, 0, 0, $white); 

imagecopy($dst_im, $src_im, $dst_x, $dst_y, $src_x, $src_y, $src_w, $src_h); 

header("Content-type: image/png"); 
imagepng($dst_im); 
imagedestroy($dst_im);
  1. Facebook 样式的时间戳

    Facebook (x mins age, y hours ago etc)
    function nicetime($date)
    {

    if(empty($date)) {
        return "No date provided";
    }
    
    $periods         = array("second", "minute", "hour", "day", "week", "month", "year", "decade");
    $lengths         = array("60","60","24","7","4.35","12","10");
    
    $now             = time();
    $unix_date         = strtotime($date);
    
       // check validity of date
    if(empty($unix_date)) {    
        return "Bad date";
    }
    // is it future date or past date
    if($now &gt; $unix_date) {    
        $difference     = $now - $unix_date;
        $tense         = "ago";
    
    } else {
        $difference     = $unix_date - $now;
        $tense         = "from now";
    }
    
    for($j = 0; $difference &gt;= $lengths[$j] && $j &lt; count($lengths)-1; $j++) {
        $difference /= $lengths[$j];
    }
    
    $difference = round($difference);
    
    if($difference != 1) {
        $periods[$j].= "s";
    }
    
    return "$difference $periods[$j] {$tense}";
    

    }

十、检查网站是否宕机

function Visit($url){ 
       $agent = "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)";$ch=curl_init(); 
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_URL,$url ); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $agent); 
curl_setopt ($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, 1); 
curl_setopt ($ch,CURLOPT_VERBOSE,false); 
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 5); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, FALSE); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_SSLVERSION,3); 
curl_setopt($ch,CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, FALSE); 
$page=curl_exec($ch); 
//echo curl_error($ch); 
$httpcode = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE); 
curl_close($ch); 
if($httpcode>=200 && $httpcode<300) return true; 
else return false; 
} 
if (Visit("http://www.google.com")) 
echo "Website OK"."n"; 
else 
echo "Website DOWN";

澳门新葡亰赌995577,语法:

&lt;?php
$date = "2015-07-05 03:45";
$result = nicetime($date); // 2 days ago
?&gt;

47、黑名单过滤

function is_spam($text, $file, $split = ':', $regex = false){ 
    $handle = fopen($file, 'rb'); 
    $contents = fread($handle, filesize($file)); 
    fclose($handle); 
    $lines = explode("n", $contents); 
    $arr = array(); 
    foreach($lines as $line){ 
        list($word, $count) = explode($split, $line); 
        if($regex) 
            $arr[$word] = $count; 
        else
            $arr[preg_quote($word)] = $count; 
    } 
    preg_match_all("~".implode('|', array_keys($arr))."~", $text, $matches); 
    $temp = array(); 
    foreach($matches[0] as $match){ 
        if(!in_array($match, $temp)){ 
            $temp[$match] = $temp[$match] + 1; 
            if($temp[$match] >= $arr[$word]) 
                return true; 
        } 
    } 
    return false; 
} 

$file = 'spam.txt'; 
$str = 'This string has cat, dog word'; 
if(is_spam($str, $file)) 
    echo 'this is spam'; 
else
    echo 'this is not spam';

输出:

ab:3
dog:3
cat:2
monkey:2

48、随机颜色生成器

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